Last Update 21 October 2014 G.
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When I was older, I realized again and again that black and white thinking was one of the most unproductive and misleading ways to look at the world ..
” Political party X.
One of the many problems associated with this approach is
Many problems are misleading when they are presented in a form that people intuitively understand; that is, when they are represented in the language …
Our ability to communicate using language is deeply rooted in human brain practice at creation.
We do so naturally, so it is easy to slip away in the practice of thinking that linguistic representation of the concept is an exact scale of its simplicity. Although, at least a little critical thinking, you realize that’s not exactly how …
The human brain, as far as we can see, is the most complex thing in the universe. Therefore, his intuitive understanding of concepts is not a good indicator of real concepts in all their true complexity …
For example, this idea is:
“A triangular room made out of pink Jell-o, which is expanding in cubic centimeters at the rate of one Fibonacci number per second, in which Indiana Jones is fighting a battle with the hippo hippo and cold melt jacks.”
Language, as we have established, is a fantastic tool to assign simple labels to complex concepts, so that they can be reported between agents who have a similar understanding of these concepts. I can therefore present this idea with the word, for example, “florglarp.”
Then I can ask a simple question:
“Do you believe in meldonium?”
Now you know I just said that word. You have an intuitive understanding of everything.
But most of the words you use in everyday life are words you’ve known for a long time. These are words that were also made, but they were accepted in the society’s vocabulary. As a result, you have a more intuitive understanding of these heuristic words than you actually do, the exact concepts they represent …
For example, even though I used the word “triangular room,” your brain probably easily imagined an idea like a tetrahedron form. However, without further consideration, you probably did not think intuitively about the concept as an imperfect tetrahedre, in which the edges never form true vertices due to electromagnetism ..
In practice, it is easier to define complex, nuanced concepts presented by too simplistic labels. You’ll get to where I can ask you something.
“Can the tetrahedron exist in our physical universe?”
and you realize at once that this question cannot be answered correctly until the concepts behind this question are clearly defined.I like how an artificial intelligence writer Eliezer Yudkovsky embodies that concept in his article.
“The harder the explanation is, the more evidence you need to find it in the realm of faith.”
Yudkovsky said in his article that the science fiction writer Robert Heinlin responded that the simplest explanation is always,.
“The lady in the street is a witch, she did it.“The intended Heinlein response is concise from the point of view of the human language, but as I have just demonstrated,
So what can be used as an exact measure for simplicity?
As it turns out, the answer is right in front of your face.
The binary alphabet contains only two characters:.
At the lowest level, computers always think in black and white because it is the only way to think about them. Their alphabet allows only one of two states that ever grow at a certain time …
These binary decisions are made in.
Here’s how useful it is: if you can make the idea of computing, you can clean it up.
When you think about what is going on in this way, it quickly becomes obvious: “Lady down the street is a witch; she did it.”
I have explained this concept only to think about the real complexity of the ideas and how it relates to language and heuristics. Me.
I’m sitting in a coffee shop when I’m writing this. If I look out the window, I see a black car parked on the other side of the parking lot …
Sitting here, I can make a quick prediction that the machine is not a threat to me right now. I can appoint.
Fortunately, I do not need to sit and try to define the concept of “car”, “threat” and “coffee wall” in order to arrive at such a conclusion. I have preliminary knowledge:
The car’s parked, and no one’s inside it.Most cars do not move independently (in total).
In my part of the world, people don’t usually try to kill other people.
Even if they did, they wouldn’t try to do it with a car if they were inside the building.
The brick wall of the coffee shop is likely to stop the machine in any case, because there is little room in this room to gain speed.
These rights give me a useful heuristics that can make a prediction in.
But it’s important for me to understand that I am.
If I tried.One, the fact that the second law of thermodynamics.
However, I can be pretty sure I’m not in danger of being killed by a car while I’m sitting here. Even after a more precise definition of concepts and more careful examination of evidence, my heuristics is still useful enough to put my security at …
But here’s the point:
My beliefs about the car are rooted in mine.
What happens when your beliefs are not so well established? This is where we come back to the question of the utility of thinking about the basic assumptions we do when we form beliefs …
Since I mentioned Robert Heinlein, let me use it as an example. It was preloply.
“Never ascribe anger that is adequately explained by stupidity.” |
It’s one of my favorites, and as a concept she proved.
When someone does something that inflates or causes you pain, it’s easy to attribute the action of a villain. We do it almost automatically, and I think it’s safe to assume that there is some useful evolutionary programming that we can attribute:.
If something hurts me, he probably wants me to kill/kill my resources.
If something feels good for me, it’s probably part of my group.In a natural environment, this is
Unfortunately, the same heuristic that regulates the conclusions you came to when the tiger springs from the bush also regulate what you think when your friends go to the movies and forget to invite you …
-How dare they not invite me? They must hate me! “
In this case your brain will introduce you.
This is not the case when the tiger tries to eat you; any number of non-malicious factors may have been involved:
Your friends were unorganized and didn’ t appoint someone to do all the invitations.You weren’t there, and it was just a spontaneous event.Someone tried to call you, but your phone was dead.Cell tower lost a call, so she didn’ t even get your phone…. the list goes …
Euristics and labels are useful, but still do. Their nature encourages you to oversimplify and categorize concepts that can be much more nuanced and detailed than you originally understand …
That is why, in shaping opinions and taking decisions, it is a good idea.
This does not mean that your initial position on the matter will always be cancelled or cancelled after you decide to define clearly the concepts on which it depends. Your position on it may remain the same-
However, you can simply change your mind. In any case, this type of deliberate thinking is focused on.
When you learn to marry heuristics and exact, Straw thinking optimally, you get the best of both worlds …
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